Gujarat Ecological Education and Research ( GEER ) Foundation
 

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Special Research | Climate Change

Special Research

 
Climate Change Project
 

Climate change is posing threat not only to the human society but also to the various types of ecosystems and its associated flora and fauna. Hence, the Foundation has proposed and is carrying out a Project on Climate Change sanctioned by the Government of Gujarat, Forests and Environment Department; GEER Foundation is carrying out ten different research activities on different issues of Climate Change. These researches can be broadly grouped into two: Group-A: Ecosystems and Carbon Sequestration (Basic/Fundamental Research) and Group-B: Emissions and Global Warming (Applied Research). They are briefly described as under:

Group-A: Carbon Sequestration and Carbon Storage (Basic/Fundamental Research)

1. Assessment of Carbon Storage Potential of Forest Areas of Gujarat.

The objective of the study is to estimate the total biomass present and carbon stored in the forest areas of Gujarat (18,927 sq km). The biomass, and further the carbon stored in the Forest areas, would be calculated on a per unit area basis with respect to the following three strata: four forest sub-groups (further classified into 29 Forest Sub-types), three density classes: VD, MD and Open (Scrub forest is included where present) and six girth classes of trees. Stratified random sampling by quadrate method is carried out for the estimation of biomass in the Forest area. A total of 812 quadrates of the size 20*20 sq mt have been laid in the six territorial Forest Circles of the State to collect the sample of trees and soil. Four sub-quadrates of 30*30 sq cm for herbs and one sub-quadrate of 2*2 sq. mt. for shrub are also laid to collect samples of herbs and shrubs. The samples are collected by uprooting the respective trees/ herbs/ shrubs. Assessment of biomass and carbon is done for all four carbon pools: AGB, BGB, soil and forest floor.

2. Assessment of Carbon Storage Potential of Coral Reefs of Gujarat.

The objective of the study is to estimate the total carbon stored in the coral reefs of Gujarat. It also aims to determine the age and accretion rate of Coral reefs of Gujarat. To estimate this, 10 prominent coastal and island sites have been identified for sample collection of dead coral reefs.  Form every identified location, two core samples of dead coral reef will be taken of dimension 100 cm (depth) * 7.5 cm (diameter). The dead coral samples will then be cleaned at the Laboratory and their morphological description will be prepared. Thereafter, four discs at an interval of 25 cm will be taken out from every core and sent for laboratory analysis for carbon and age estimation. The values will be statistically extrapolated on the total area under coral reefs in Gujarat to estimate the total carbon stored under them.

3. Assessment of Carbon Storage Potential of Mangroves of Gujarat.

The objective of the study is to estimate the total carbon sequestered by the mangroves forests of Gujarat (including that found in soil). This has been done by estimating the total mangrove trees of the 9-species of mangroves prominently found in Gujarat and 5 girth classes. One tree under each of these categories is uprooted to collect the samples. Biomass has been estimated for different parts of the mangrove trees (foliage, roots and trunk) by laboratory analysis of total 28 sample trees. Soil carbon has also been estimated for the different types of mangrove forests and regions. The study is complete and the report is being published.

4.  Assessment of Carbon Storage Potential of Tree Cover (o/s forest area) of Gujarat.

The objective of this study is to estimate the total carbon stored in the trees present outside forest areas of Gujarat. A list of total number of species wise trees present in Gujarat outside forest is used to enumerate the total number of trees belonging to selected prominent species. They are further stratified into 5 different girth classes.   A total of 207 trees are harvested, of 46 different species, as per the methodology, for laboratory analysis of carbon content in their different parts. This will be extrapolated for the total number of trees under each species and girth class. This project will yield the total carbon sequestered by every individual tree species (and its respective girth class) present in forests outside Gujarat. This can prove as a benchmark for all future and further assessments.

5. Bio-physical Mapping and Photo/Video Documentation of Coral Reefs of Gulf of

    Kachchh and developing a Coral Reef Atlas.

The objective of the study is to do bio-physical mapping of entire coral reefs of Gujarat, prepare photographic plates and atlas of the flora and fauna of corals reefs in the Gulf of Kachchh and to prepare a scientific documentary on coral reefs of Gujarat.

6. Potential Area Mapping of Mud flats and Mangrove Habitats of Gujarat.

The objective of the study is to carry out mapping of coastal mudflats from Valsad to Bhavnagar, To recommend appropriate plantation model and plant species for each mudflat and to prioritize each potential area based on its vulnerability.

7. A study on Nal and Thol lakes to determine Water-level Trend, its causes and likely

    impacts on their biodiversity.

The objective of this study is to understand the correlation, if any, between long-term changes in the extent of aquatic habitats [i.e., Open Water habitat and Emergent Aquatic/Marshy Vegetation habitat] as also terrestrial habitats [i.e., Shore-land and Islets] of Nal & Thol and species richness and abundance of wetland biota, especially water birds.

Group-B: Emissions and Global Warming (Applied Research)

8. Study of Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Gujarat.

The objective of this study is to estimate GHG emissions of Gujarat for selected years i.e. 1994, 2000 and 2007 & 2009 from all the contributing sectors (Energy, Industry, Agriculture, LULUCF and Waste). With this Gujarat will become the first state in the country to have its own emissions inventory for the above mentioned years. The years have been strategically chosen so that the anthropogenic emissions for the state of Gujarat can be compared with the national emission estimates done by the NATCOM as part of its communication with the UNFCCC. Also choosing such time frame of fifteen years will be able to give a trend analysis of these emissions. It also aims to estimate the Emission Intensity of various sectors/sub-sectors included in the study based on respective sector’s contribution to the SDP.  An attempt will also be made to account future emissions trends (for the year 2020) based on proposed investments/growth in each sector.

9. Effect of Climate Change on Major Ecosystems of Gujarat.

The objective of this study is to predict the likely changes in various aspects (e.g., vegetation, entomofauna, ichthyofauna, herpetofauna, avifauna, planktons etc.) of major ecosystems of Gujarat under the effect of selected scenarios (e.g. change in atmospheric temperature by selected degrees, increase/decrease in rainfall, increase/decrease in humidity etc.) of climate change. The scenarios and predictions are based on secondary information (literature) only.  A case study approach has been adopted in which Ratanmahal Protected Area represents dry deciduous forest, Banni and Velavadar grasslands represent grassland ecosystem, Wild Ass Sanctuary covering Little Rann of Kachchh represent saline desert-cum-seasonal wetland ecosystem and Chhari Dhandh Conservation Reserve represents an inland wetland ecosystem. The study is based on intensive review of literature not only to collect baseline information about each of the selected ecosystems, but also to make logical predictions for each of the selected ecosystems of Gujarat. To make logical predictions for a selected ecosystem of Gujarat,  climate change studies carried out in India and abroad on similar type of  ecosystem have been used as models.

10. Impact of Global Warming on Disaster Patterns in Gujarat.

The study will attempt a temporal and spatial analysis of the natural disasters in the state, correlating them with the weather and long-term climatic patterns both spatially and temporally. The disaster patterns will also be correlated with the socio-economic profile of the state, to identify the vulnerable sectors. Comprehensive analysis of each relevant climatic and disaster variables will be done, its implications on the disaster patterns and the correlation between the various variables will be analyzed using statistical and cartographic techniques. The study will be done on the basis of the seven agro-climatic regions separately.

Climate Change Workshops

GEER Foundation has also taken a lead in capacity building of the society in understanding the Climate Change phenomenon, its causes, impacts and mitigation and adaptation; and also in sensitizing them towards responsible action. Hence, one of the components of the Climate Change Project being implemented by GEER Foundation is to design and conduct Workshops and Orientation Programme for knowledge enhancement, skill development and capacity building of the following three sectors- Industry, Academic Institutions and Key Government Departments dealing so that they can positively contribute in taking timely actions/devising action plan towards reducing vulnerability to Climate Change.  The Foundation is carrying out these Workshops in collaboration with the CEPT University Ahmedabad.

 There are a total of 18 training workshops to be conducted under this project, six each, for the three sections of society in Gujarat.

  • Two of the six trainings will be held with the heads of the concerned government departments, agencies, organizations or institutions. These will be in an interactive workshop mode, mainly based on panel discussions.

  • Four will be conducted with the middle level professionals or officers in these departments, agencies or institutions. Lectures and discussions will be used as training mechanisms.

Climate Change Public Awareness Drive

As part of its Environment Education mandate, the Foundation is also carrying out following three Awareness programs on Climate Change:

  • Radio Programme titled “Dharti-nu-Jatan” under the Climate Change Project has been started from 9th Match, 2010 to bring out issues related to Climate Change for the general masses through radio talks with experts in the field (in Gujarati language). A total of 104 episodes have already been broadcasted through Prasar Bharti (Akashvani Ahmedabad-Vadodara, Rajkot and Bhuj) during 2010-2012. Overwhelming responses were received through phone calls and post cards from rural masses.

  • Developing an Energy Park and a Climate Change Orientation Center within the premises of Indroda Nature Park for the visitors of the Park, the visiting NGC students, researchers, officers and scientists.

Exhibition Panels

1. 4 X 4 Assessment

2. Convenient Action

3. GEER Research on CC

     
 
© GEER Foundation, Gandhinagar, GUJARAT, India