Ecological Research

Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation

Ecological Research

GEER Foundation specializes in ecological research and has greatly contributed to the existing knowledge & awareness regarding biodiversity and wildlife that exist in protected areas of Gujarat. The research studies and surveys at the Foundation are carried out with utmost sincerity, using updated infrastructure, by teams of experts.

All the research activities are aimed at conserving nature through its use in developing conservation management plans. The studies emphasize on the various threat levels of different species due to which the species draw special attention in the management prescriptions. The forest density mapping done by the GIS and Remote Sensing Laboratory in GEER foundation is a valuable input for the management plans of the forest and protected areas.

On Going Research

The Foundation is currently involved in carrying our research in different fields of ecology, biodiversity and climate change. These projects are being funded by various entities like the World Bank, the MoEF&CC, GoI, the State Government, the Gujarat Forest Department etc.

  1. Climate Change Adaptation for Natural Resource Dependent Communities in Kachchh, Gujarat: Strengthening Resilience through Water & Livelihood Security and Ecosystem Restoration

    The NAFCC project in Kachchh district is progressing well. Convergence of various components are being done well by GEER Foundation with help of various agencies including GUIDE, Forest Dept, Gurjari etc. Also District Administration is giving good support.

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  2. Ecological Monitoring of Estuaries of major rivers of Gujarat (Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada and Tapi).

    “Ecological monitoring of estuaries of four major rivers of Gujarat” is being conducted by GEER Foundation since 2016 under the State Government scheme 27/3435. Narmada, Tapi, Mahi and Sabarmati are the major rivers of Gujarat. They constitute their respective estuaries with Gulf of Khambhat. GEER Foundation has been monitoring water and sediment quality, flora and fauna of these estuaries.

    The details of this study is as follows:

    Funding Agency: Forest and Environment Department, Gujarat StateObjectives

    Seasonal and multiyear assessment of status of physico-chemical parameters of water and sediments of Narmada, Tapi, Mahi and Sabarmati estuaries

    Studying macrophytes of the estuaries of Narmada, Tapi, Mahi and Sabarmati

    Studying phyto-plankton and zoo-plankton of the four estuaries

    Studying macro-benthos of the four estuaries

    Studying avifauna and other vertebrates of the four estuaries

    Study Areas:

    The study area is comprised of estuaries and adjacent riverine zones of four major rivers of Gujarat, viz. Narmada (mainly in Bharuch district), Tapi (mainly in Surat district), Mahi(mainly in Vadodara district) and Sabarmati (mainly in Ahmedabad district).

    Activities:

    In situ determination of certain rapidly changing water quality parameters.

    Collection of water samples and sediment samples from multiple sites for laboratory based (Ex situ) analysis.

    Laboratory based (Ex situ) analysis of various physical and/or chemical parameters of water and sediments of the estuaries and adjacent riverine zones.

    Collection of plankton samples from multiple sites on each of the four estuaries and their identification in the laboratory.

    Inventorying macrophytes (halophytes, hydrophytes, xerophytes etc.) of estuarine areas of Narmada, Tapi, Mahi and Sabarmati estuaries and determining their abundance in different seasons

    Developing checklists of waterbirds and terrestrial birds in the estuarine and adjacent riverine areas of Narmada, Tapi, Mahi and Sabarmati and recording their abundance (bird counts)

    Inventorying mammalian and herpetofaunal animals for all the four estuarine areas

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    laying quandats using rope for vegetation assessment

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    Researcher conducting floral Investigation

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    Grab sampling of Macro-benthos

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    Sieving Macro-benthic samples

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    Collection of plankton sample using plankton net

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    A researcher conducting faunal investigations

  3. Ecological Monitoring of Important Wetlands of Gujarat (Pariej, Kanewal, Wadhwana, Chhari Dhundh and Khijadiya Wetlands).

    “Ecological monitoring of important wetlands of Gujarat” is being conducted by GEER Foundation since 2016 under the State Government scheme 27/3435. Pariej, Kanewal, Wadhwana, Khijadia and Chhari Dhandh are the five important wetlands of the State that are being ecologically monitored. GEER Foundation has been monitoring water and sediment quality, flora and fauna of these inland wetlands.

    The details of this study is as follows:

    Funding Agency: Forest and Environment Department, Gujarat StateObjectives

    Objectives:

    Seasonal and multiyear assessment of status of physico-chemical parameters of water and sediments of Pariej, Kanewal, Wadhwana, Khijadia and Chhari Dhandh wetlands

    Seasonally studying hydrophytes, halophytes and other types of macrophytes of the five important wetlands for multiple years

    Seasonal assessment of avifauna and other vertebrates of the five important wetlands for multiple years

    Assessing phyto-plankton and zoo-plankton diversity of the five important wetlands.

    Assessing the diversity of macro-benthos of the five important wetlands

    Study Areas:

    The study area covers five wetlands of Gujarat, namely Pariej (Kheda district), Kanewal (Anand district), Wadhwana (Vadodara district), Khijadia (Jamnagar district) and Chhari dhandh (Kachchh district).

    Activities:

    Identifying and marking locations in different habitats (e.g., open water, emergent vegetation cover, inlet, outlet etc.) for water and sediment sampling based on stratified random sampling in each of the five important wetlands.

    In situ determination of certain rapidly changing water quality parameters (e.g., Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature as also Water depth) of the five important wetlands.

    Collection of water samples and sediment samples from multiple locations in each of the five important wetlands for laboratory based (Ex situ) analysis (e.g. conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), salinity, hardness, acidity, alkalinity, nitrates, nitrites, phosphates).

    Laboratory based (Ex situ) analysis of various physical and/or chemical parameters of water and sediments (e.g. pH, bulk density, particle density, moisture content, organic carbon, available phosphorus).

    Collection of phyto-plankton and zoo-plankton samples from multiple locations representing different habitats in five important wetlands and carrying out their identification of in the laboratory through microscopic observation.

    Inventorying macrophytes (mainly halophytes, hydrophytes) of the five important wetlands in different seasons and determining their per cent cover and height

    Seasonal checklisting of waterbirds and terrestrial birds occurring at the five important wetlands and recording counts/numbers for each species to understand seasonal variation.

    Checklisting of invertebrates like insects, spiders and macro-benthos.

    Recording mammalian and herpetofaunal species for all the five wetlands.

    Remote Sensing-GIS based map preparation for each of the five important wetlands.

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    Floral data collection

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    Aquatic plant sampling

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    Reseacher conducting herpetofauna investigation

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    Recording avifaunal data

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    Plankton sampling

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    Team conduting sediment analysis

  4. Ecological Monitoring of Nal Sarovar Wetland- a Sanctuary and the Ramsar Site of Gujarat.

    “Ecological monitoring of Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuay” is being conducted by GEER Foundation since June 2016 under the State Government scheme 27/3435. Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary is the only Ramsar Site in Gujarat that was declared in the year 2012. Being a Ramsar Site, its “wise use” is highly desirable. To support its long term wise use, it is necessary to monitor its multifarious ecological aspects. GEER Foundation has been monitoring water and sediment quality, phytoplankton, zooplankton, hydrophytes, halophytes, waterbirds, herpetofauna and mammals. Its bacterial and fungal inventory has also been done.

    The details of this study is as follows:

    Funding Agency: Forest and Environment Department, Gujarat StateObjectives

    Objectives:

    Seasonal and multiyear assessment of status of physico-chemical parameters of water and sediments of Nal Sarovar wetland

    Assessing phyto-plankton and zoo-plankton diversity.

    Inventorying hydrophytes, halophytes and other types of macrophytes and seasonally assessing parameters like per cent cover and height of hydrophytes.

    Seasonal assessment (species inventorying and population estimations) of waterbirds and other avifauna and other vertebrates (mammals and herpetofauna)

    Assessing the diversity of molluscs and other macro-benthos

    Inventorying entomofauna and arachnofauna

    Study Areas:

    The study area covers Nal Sarovar wetland and portions of surrounding landscape located in Sanand, Viramgam, Bavla and Limbdi talukas of Ahmedabad and Surendranagar districts.

    Activities:

    Identifying and marking locations in different habitats (e.g., open water, emergent vegetation cover, islets, inlet, outlet, scrubland, salt-encrusted barren land etc.) for water and sediment sampling based on stratified random sampling approach.

    Determination of In situ water quality parameters (e.g., Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature as also Water depth).

    Laboratory based (Ex situ) analysis of various physical and/or chemical parameters (e.g., conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), salinity, hardness, acidity, alkalinity, nitrates, nitrites, phosphates) of water and sediments of the wetland.

    Collection and identification of phyto-plankton and zoo-plankton samples from different habitats of the wetland.

    Studying the diversity and the seasonal change of macrophytes (especially hydrophytes) at different sites of wetlands.

    Seasonal inventorying and studying population status (recording counts/numbers for each species) of waterbirds at different habitats of the wetlands.

    Recording of invertebrates like insects, spiders and macro-benthos

    Listing mammalian and herpetofaunal species.

    Remote Sensing-GIS based map preparation of the wetland.

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    Team collecting plankton sample using plankton net

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    Collection of water samples

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    Entomofaunal research

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    Team recording avifaunal data

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    Reseacher laying a Daubenmire frame for aquatic vegetation assessment

  5. Gujarat Forestry Development Project (GFDP)

    Funding Agency: Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA)

    The project is sponsored by Gujarat Forest Department (GFD), Gujarat Research Foundation and Project Monitoring Unit (PMU) GFD. The main objective of the study is to assess the periodical changes in tree cover in the forest areas covered under GFDP. The project envisages the impact evaluation by carrying out change detection in forest cover in the three phases (Pre project/Ex-ante phase, Mid project/Mid-term phase and Post project/Ex-post phase). GEER Foundation is involved in three activities of the project:

    1. Assessment of changes in tree cover in the forest areas covered under Gujarat Forestry Development Project using satellite imagery classification and remote sensing technology.
    2. Physical survey of crown cover, grass cover and regeneration in project area under Gujarat Forestry Development Project at ex-post period.
    3. Tree assessment of non-forest areas under Gujarat Forestry Development Project at ex-post period.

    GEER Foundation has completed the above said first & second activities and submitted the report to Gujarat Forest Department (GFD) and the third activity is ongoing under the project. The study upon successful completion will provide data on various vegetation related parameters which will be useful in monitoring and evaluation of the impacts on vegetation structure due to Gujarat Forestry Development Project.

    Glimpses of project activities:

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    Ground truthing at locations

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    Measurement of GBH

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    Measurement of GBH in open tree cover area

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    Data collection in Mangrove vegetation

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    Tree Marking in Mangrove vegetation

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    Measuring GBH of Mangroves

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    Sampling in grasslands

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    GBH Measurement in Forest areas

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    Data collection of canopy cover in Forest areas

  6. Combating Climate Change through establishing Bio Shield

    Funding Agency: Department of Climate Change, Govt. of Gujarat

    Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation,in collaboration with VIKAS- Center for Development, Ahmedabad has received a project “Combating Climate Change through establishing Bio Shield” from Department of Climate Change, Govt. of Gujarat. The main aim of the project is to establish bio-shield along 15 km long coastline of Jambusar taluka, Bharuch district through local people and other stakeholders. The major species of plantation are (i) Avicennia marina (ii) Salvadora persica (Pilu) and (iii) Suaeda nudiflora (unt-morad). In order to achieve the objective of the project, VIKAS has started the plantation activity in selected coastal areas of Jambusar taluka. Along with this, GEER Foundation is also involved in monitoring of plantation activities done by VIKAS and carrying out research pertaining to flora and environmental parameters. Currently, preparation of mangrove nursery and plantation of Pilu and Unt-morad plants are in progress. The project upon successful completion will provide protection against natural hazards as well as will come out with several ecological and environmental benefits like enrichment of biodiversity, improvement of water and soil quality, increase carbon sequestration potentiality along with livelihood improvement of local people.

    Glimpses of project activities:

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    Pilu nursery of Tankari

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    Weeding activity at Tankari

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    Collection of water sample

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    Survey of flora

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    Interaction between Director, GEER Foundation and local people of Jambusar taluka

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    Visit to nursery – Dy. Director and Manager, GEER Foundation

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    Plantation activity of Pilu and Unt-morad

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    Development of in-situ mangrove nursery

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    Visit of GEER Foundation team to Mangrove nursery site

    Meeting with villagers of coastal area of Jambusar Taluka of Bharuch District

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  7. Abundance Status of Selected Medicinal Plants of the Gujarat state

    Funding Agency: Gujarat Medicinal Plant Board (GMPB)

    GEER Foundation in 2005 had published a book titled “Medicinal Plants of Gujarat” and recorded diversity data of 1315 medicinal plants of Gujarat. The book reveals distribution pattern of medicinal plants without their abundance data. Hence, a need was felt for the detailed distribution study of the 1315 medicinal plant species found in Gujarat State and therefore, GMPB has entrusted GEER Foundation a project with the following objectives:

    1. To find out abundance status of previously documented medicinal plants,
    2. To prepare map showing the abundance of the plant species in the study area and
    3. To identify rare medicinal plant species in Gujarat state

    Project Area is entire Gujarat and it is divided into six zones (South Gujarat, South East Gujarat, Central Gujarat, North Gujarat, Saurashtra and Kachchh) covering major habitats of medicinal plants of the state.

    The project upon successful completion will provide an overall idea about the distribution pattern of previously 1,315 medicinal plant species along with abundance data in Gujarat state.

    Glimpses of project activities:

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    Taking plants observation by laying quadrate

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    Laying plot for trees enumeration

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    Plant Sampling for medicinal plants inventory

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    Taking GPS readings of sampling plotsn

  8. A study on Impacts of Narmada Canal system on Environment and Ecology of the Areas Benefitted by the Canal System in the Parts of North Gujarat, Saurashtra and Kachchh in Gujarat State.

    The project of Impact of Narmada Canal system in benefitted villages of Gujarat is being carried out by the GEER Foundation since March 2018 in ten districts of Gujarat state. GEER Foundation has been monitoring water and sediment quality, flora and fauna of the benefitted villages of Narmada Canal Command area.

    The details of this study is as follows:

    Funding Agency: Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd.

    Study Areas:

    Command area of Narmada Canal Sysytem in North Gujarat, Saurashtra and Kachchh. For this project a total of 143 villages of ten districts (Bhavnagar, Botad, Surendranagar, Morbi, Kachchh, Patan, Banaskantha, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar and Mehsana) are being surveyed.

    Objectives:

    The major objective of this project is to study the impacts of Narmada canal in command areas of Saurashtra, Uttar Gujarat and Kachchh with special reference to ecological study.

    1. Survey of Flora and preparation of inventory for diversity present in the area.
    2. Survey of Fauna and preparation of inventory for diversity present in the area.
    3. Physico-chemical analysis of waters of wetlands and canals present in the selected villages.

    Activities:

    The field work under SSNNL project began in the month of February-2018. Under this project, ten districts are surveyed to achieve the above mentioned objectives. As a part of this, a total of 143 villages were surveyed and inventory of floral and faunal diversity had been prepared. Along with this, various types of water bodies such as Pond, Lake, River, Dam and Canal were also taken into consideration for water & sediment quality and biodiversity study. An interim report covering data analysis of flora, fauna and environment component of six districts had been prepared and submitted. It was revealed from the study that, the introduction of canal in studied districts has enriched the biodiversity and overall ecology of the Narmada command area.

    Laboratory based (Ex situ) analysis of various physical and/or chemical parameters (e.g., conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), salinity, hardness, acidity, alkalinity, nitrates, nitrites, phosphates) of water and sediments of the wetland.

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    Quantification of flora by laying quadrat

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    Team conducting floral investigations

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    Scat analysis on field for species identification

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    Team taking information regarding flora and fauna

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    Interaction with local villagers for gathering information regarding fauna

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    Team conducting faunal investigations

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    Collection of water Sample from Canal

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    In-situ analysis of wetland sediments

  9. Conservation and management of mangroves and coral reefs of the Gulf of Kachchh and Gulf of Khambhat under centrally sponsored scheme (CSS)

    Major aim of the project is to create mass awareness generation among the people on importance of mangroves and coral reefs ecosystems. This awareness will bring the people for the conservation of important ecosystems in Gulf of Kachchh and Gulf of Khambhat. The Foundation has initiated various awareness activities especially, focusing Gulf of Khambhat

    Activities under the project:

    1. To prepare awareness literature for various stakeholders
      • Two books as a part of awareness literature have been prepared in Gujarati language
      1. ચેરની દુનિયામાં એક નજર
      2. ચેર વનો- નિવસનતંત્ર – પરિચય પુસ્તિકા
    2. To prepare a documentary film on mangrove conservation and restoration
      • A documentary has been prepared
        ચેર – જાણશો તો સમજશો
    3. To organise national workshop/seminar on “Mangrove Conservation: Current status and future perspective”
      • A workshop was organized during 26th – 27th July, 2018 at Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar in collaboration with GEC and IUCN
    4. To broadcast radio programme on mangrove ecosystem
      • A total of Five radio programme have been broadcasted on Hariyalu Gujarat
    5. SATCOM programme at village level:
      • A SATCOM programme was carried out on Mangrove ecosystem
    6. To organise Nature Education Camp for coastal villages
      • A camp was organized in Abdasa taluka of Kachchh district
      • One-day camp was organized in Bhangadh village for Bhangadh, Rahtalav, Mahadevpura villages of Dholera Taluka
      • One-day camp was organized in Ambali village for Ambali, Dholera and Kamatalav villages of Dholera Taluka
  10. Assessment of Impact on Nal Sarovar wetland due to Cotton Cultivation in the Surrounding Landscape.

    This project is being conducted by GEER Foundation since 2018 in order to assess the impact of pesticides used for cotton cultivation on Nal sarovar wetland. GEER Foundation has been analyzing pesticide residues from agricultural soil samples, water and sediment samples of Nal sarovar and other wetlands present in the surrounding landscape. Similarly, survey of fauna and entomofauna are also being carried out to establish linkage between biodiversity and pesticide toxicity.

    The details of this study is as follows:

    Funding Agency: World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

    To determine the types and magnitude of contamination and impacts of pesticides and other chemicals used for the cotton cultivation in the landscape surrounding Nal Sarovar wetland.

    Objectives:

    Nal sarovar and surrounding landscape having cotton fields and satellite wetlands of Nal Sarovar.

    Study Area:

    Nal sarovar and surrounding landscape having cotton fields and satellite wetlands of Nal Sarovar.

    Activities:

    In the initial stage of this project, cotton fields were identified surrounding the Nal Sarovar and a sampling methodology was finalized. Under this project, water and sediment samples were also collected from Nal Sarovar and other wetlands. Till now, a total of 103 soil samples (from agricultural fields) 19, sediment samples and 10 water samples had been collected representing the pre-sowing and pre-monsoon season for fields and wetlands, respectively. The water and sediment samples were analysed for selected physico-chemical parameters (in-situ and ex-situ) in GEER foundation’s laboratory. On the other hand, these samples were also sent to the laboratory of Anand Agricultural University (AAU) for pesticide analysis.

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    1-hectare plot demarcation using 100m string

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    Soil diggingupto 15 cm from top

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    A cardboard for quartering and mixing of collected soil sample

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    Soil piling and mixing on cardboard

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    Quartering of soil sample

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    Sediment sample collection from wetlands

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    Water samples collected from wetland

  11. Inventory of Gujarat and Maharashtra Coral Reefs: Mapping, Monitoring and their Health Assessment.
  12. Survey of Physical Impacts of Conservation Measures of Seven Protected Areas
  13. Habitat maps for various species of resident vultures (White-rumped Vulture, Indian Vulture, Egyptian Vulture and Red-headed Vulture).

    Habitat maps for various species of resident vultures (White-rumped Vulture, Indian Vulture, Egyptian Vulture and Red-headed Vulture) in the State are important to have better understanding about spatial distribution and extent of their habitats in Protected Areas or any other areas having suitable habitats. Considering this, GEER Foundation has been preparing an atlas having maps for total 19 districts of the State (wherein vultures are known to occur) which depict locations of sites where one or multiple species of resident vulture species occur, habitats at these locations and the potential habitats where vultures may occur.

    The details of this study is as follows:

    Funding Agency: Gujarat Forest Department (PCCF, Wildlife).

    Objectives:

    1. To collect the relevant information of all four vulture species to depict on the maps
    2. To prepare maps depicting distribution, potential habitats, breeding sites of vultures in urban/rural areas as well as in Protected Areas
    3. To establish relationships between spatial attributes and species specific attributes
    4. To identify degradation and threats with respect to existing habitats of vulture

    Study Area:

    Total 18 districts of the State where one or the other species of vultures are known to occur based on vulture population estimations conducted in 2016 and 2018 by GEER Foundation and Gujarat Forest Department.

    Activities:

    Compiling information about locations of occurrence of various resident-breeding vulture species in 19 districts of the State using population estimation data for the years 2016 and 2018.

    Visits to various locations (identified based on 2016 and 2018 statewide population estimation) to know the recent status (presence/absence) of vultures at those locations. Preparation of district-wise maps using remote sensing and GIS techniques that depict location locations of sites where one or multiple species of resident vulture species occur, habitats (dense tree cover, sparse tree cover, hilly area, wetlands etc.) at these locations and the potential habitats where vultures may occur.

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    Gyps vultures in the tree cover of Indian Mast Tree

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    Gyps vultures in the tree cover of Indian Neem Tree

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    White-rumped Vulture in palm tree cover

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    Egyptian Vultures amidst sparse scrub cover

  14. Mapping of Habitats Abitats of Indian Wolf In Gujarat State:

    Habitat maps for Indian Wolf-a Schedule I species as per Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 in Gujarat are important to have better understanding about spatial distribution and extent of its habitats in the Protected Areas and or any other areas having suitable habitats. Considering this, GEER Foundation has been preparing an atlas having maps for total 9 districts of the State (wherein Indian Wolf is known to occur) which depict locations of sites where one or multiple species of resident vulture species occur, habitats at these locations and the potential habitats where vultures may occur.

    Funding Agency: Gujarat Forest Department (PCCF, Wildlife).

    Objectives:

    To collect relevant ecological information of Indian Wolf that would form the basis for habitat mapping.

    To prepare maps using Remote Sensing and GIS techniques depicting spatial distribution of the habitats of wolves in suburban and/or rural areas as also Protected Areas.

    Activities:

    Collecting information from Dy. CFs of various districts about locations of occurrence of Indian Wolf in their respective areas of jurisdiction through specifically developed questionnaire.

    Field visits to various sites having wolves to understand habitat types at those sites

    Preparation of district-wise maps using remote sensing and GIS techniques that depict location of sites where Indian Wolf occurs, habitats (Tree/Scrub Cover, Grass/Herb Cover, Open Land, Wetland etc.) at these locations and the potential habitats where wolf may occur.

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    Indian Wolf in scrub covered landscape

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    Herb covered land – a habitat for Indian Wolf

  15. Verification of Disputed plots of Narmada districts under FRA-2006 funded by Tribal commissioner, Gujarat state.
  16. Assessments of Tree cover of 8 Municipal corporation of Gujarat State.
  17. Mangrove mapping of Coastal area of Gujarat, Diu and Daman funded by SAC-ISRO.
  18. Wetland inventory mapping of Gujarat State- funded by SAC-ISRO.

CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTS

Climate change is posing threat not only to the human society but also to the various types of ecosystems and its associated flora and fauna. Hence, the Foundation has proposed and is carrying out a Project on Climate Change sanctioned by the Government of Gujarat, Forests and Environment Department; GEER Foundation is carrying out ten different research activities on different issues of Climate Change. These researches can be broadly grouped into two: Group-A: Ecosystems and Carbon Sequestration (Basic/Fundamental Research) and Group-B: Emissions and Global Warming (Applied Research). They are briefly described as under:

Group-A: Carbon Sequestration and Carbon Storage (Basic/Fundamental Research)
1. Assessment of Carbon Storage Potential of Forest Areas of Gujarat.

Ecological-ResearchThe objective of the study is to estimate the total biomass present and carbon stored in the forest areas of Gujarat (18,927 sq km). The biomass, and further the carbon stored in the Forest areas, would be calculated on a per unit area basis with respect to the following three strata: four forest sub-groups (further classified into 29 Forest Sub-types), three density classes: VD, MD and Open (Scrub forest is included where present) and six girth classes of trees. Stratified random sampling by quadrate method is carried out for the estimation of biomass in the Forest area. A total of 812 quadrates of the size 20*20 sq mt have been laid in the six territorial Forest Circles of the State to collect the sample of trees and soil. Four sub-quadrates of 30*30 sq cm for herbs and one sub-quadrate of 2*2 sq. mt. for shrub are also laid to collect samples of herbs and shrubs. The samples are collected by uprooting the respective trees/ herbs/ shrubs. Assessment of biomass and carbon is done for all four carbon pools: AGB, BGB, soil and forest floor.

2. Bio-physical Mapping and Photo/Video Documentation of Coral Reefs of Gulf of Kachchh and developing a Coral Reef Atlas.

The objective of the study is to do bio-physical mapping of entire coral reefs of Gujarat, prepare photographic plates and atlas of the flora and fauna of corals reefs in the Gulf of Kachchh and to prepare a scientific documentary on coral reefs of Gujarat.

Climate Change Workshops

GEER Foundation has also taken a lead in capacity building of the society in understanding the Climate Change phenomenon, its causes, impacts and mitigation and adaptation; and also in sensitizing them towards responsible action. Hence, one of the components of the Climate Change Project being implemented by GEER Foundation is to design and conduct Workshops and Orientation Programme for knowledge enhancement, skill development and capacity building of the following three sectors- Industry, Academic Institutions and Key Government Departments dealing so that they can positively contribute in taking timely actions/devising action plan towards reducing vulnerability to Climate Change. The Foundation is carrying out these Workshops in collaboration with the CEPT University Ahmedabad.

There are a total of 18 training workshops to be conducted under this project, six each, for the three sections of society in Gujarat.

  1. Two of the six trainings will be held with the heads of the concerned government departments, agencies, organizations or institutions. These will be in an interactive workshop mode, mainly based on panel discussions.
  2. Four will be conducted with the middle level professionals or officers in these departments, agencies or institutions. Lectures and discussions will be used as training mechanisms.

Climate Change Public Awareness Drive

As part of its Environment Education mandate, the Foundation is also carrying out following three Awareness programs on Climate Change:

  1. Radio Programme titled “Dharti-nu-Jatan” under the Climate Change Project has been started from 9th Match, 2010 to bring out issues related to Climate Change for the general masses through radio talks with experts in the field (in Gujarati language). A total of 104 episodes have already been broadcasted through Prasar Bharti (Akashvani Ahmedabad-Vadodara, Rajkot and Bhuj) during 2010-2012. Overwhelming responses were received through phone calls and post cards from rural masses.
  2. Developing an Energy Park and a Climate Change Orientation Center within the premises of Indroda Nature Park for the visitors of the Park, the visiting NGC students, researchers, officers and scientists.

Completed Research

STATUS SURVEY AND ATLAS

Status reports, surveys and atlas are the Foundation's tried-and-tested method of taking stock of the present and chalking out a future course of action. To facilitate this work, the Foundation does comprehensive study and evaluation of the existent ecospheres, endangered species and status of nature education in Gujarat.

  1. The comprehensive study of Nature Education in Gujarat State
  2. Raptors of Gujarat
  3. Survey of Colonial Breeding Water Birds of Gujarat State
  4. Status, distribution and habitat Survey of Great Indian Bustard in Gujarat
  5. Status of Gyps Vultures in Gujarat (2005, 2007, 2010, 2012 & 2016)
  6. Survey and census of Sarus Crane in Gujarat
  7. Status of Dugong in India
  8. Ecological Status of Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary- A Management Perspective
  9. Evaluation Reports on Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Conservation and Management of Mangroves and Coral Reefs by MoEF, GoI
  10. Assessment of Forest Cover in the Catchment Area of Sardar Sarovar Project.

ECOSYSTEM RESEARCH

The Foundation also conducts research to build action plans for conservation and management of various ecosystems of Gujarat.

  1. Action Plan for conservation and management of Nalsarovar wetland
  2. Wetland survey of Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH

GEER Foundation conducts biodiversity researches at different sanctuaries and National Parks of Gujarat. Based on these studies, special measures are designed and implemented to conserve and enhance the existing flora and fauna.

  1. Biodiversity study of “Northern Tapi Forest” areas of Gujarat with special emphasis to small mammals
  2. Biodiversity of Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. The Status of Biodiversity of Jessore Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Ecological and Biodiversity of Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary and its Environs
  5. Biodiversity study of Marine National Park and Sanctuary
  6. Biodiversity study in Purna Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Biodiversity Study of Ratanmahals Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Ecological and biodiversity study of Thol Lake Sanctuary
  9. Biodiversity study of Hingolgadh Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Biodiversity study of Ramapara Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Study on Biodiversity- Vansda National Park

ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH

  1. Database for Marine Biodiversity and Coral Transportation Experiment in Gulf of Kachchh-Integrated Coastal Zone Management(ICZM) Project
  2. Study on Birds-Hit-Ahmedabad Airport to minimize Bird Aircraft collision hazards with emphasis on problem from Black Kite.
  3. Assessment of Carbon Storage Potential of the Coral Reefs of Gujarat.
  4. Study of Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Gujarat State.
  5. Climate Change Projects (Study on Nal and Thol lakes to determine Water-level Trend, its causes and likely impacts on their biodiversity
  6. Effect of Climate Change on Major Ecosystems of Gujarat
  7. Impact on Global Changes on Marine Ecosystem with Special Emphasis on Coral Reefs.
  8. Regional Climate Variability and Disaster Patterns in the Wake of Climate Change: Case of Gujarat State. Report.
  9. Conservation Mapping of LRK Landscape under BCRLIP.
  10. Ecological Significance of Forests and Economic Dependence of local communities on forests in the Junagadh, Vadodara, Surat, Valsad Forest Circles.
  11. Change in Land Use pattern by Using Remote Sensing Technique for Mining Lease Area of GMDC in Gujarat- Ratadiya-Nagrecha, Kachchh.
  12. Assessment of Carrying Capacity w.r.t Tourist Facilities available in Gir Forest.
  13. Wetland study of Chhari Dhundh in Rann of Kachchh.
  14. Ecological Significance of Forests and Economic Dependence on it in the Vadodara, Surat, Valsad and Junagadh Forest Circles of Gujarat.
  15. Study of and Movement of Lesser Flamingo in the Little Rann of Kachchh in Gujarat.
  16. Change in Land Use pattern by Using Remote Sensing Technique for Mining Lease Area of GMDC in Gujarat-Tadkeshwar, Surat.
  17. Change in Land Use pattern by Using Remote Sensing Technique for Mining Lease Area of GMDC in Gujarat-Amod, Bharuch.
  18. Change in Land Use pattern by Using Remote Sensing Technique for Mining Lease Area of GMDC in Gujarat- Mata No Madh, Kachchh.
  19. Preparing A Model People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR) in Panam Village (Ratanmahal Wildlife Sanctuary), Gujarat-The GEER Foundation’s Experience.
  20. Collection of Baseline Data pertaining to Biodiversity and Socio-economics in Dholera SIR Area.
  21. Impact of forestry interventions in urban and sub-urban areas of Gujarat.
  22. The comprehensive study of Nature Education in Gujarat State.
  23. Evaluation Reports on Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Conservation and Management of Mangroves and Coral Reefs by MoEF, GoI.
  24. Ecological Status of Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary- A Management Perspective.
  25. Monitoring and Evaluation of Afforestation / Reforestation Plantations under CAMPA in the State of Gujarat

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)

The Foundation carries out environmental impact assessment to understand the impact of fast emerging developmental changes on Gujarat’s environment.

  1. EIA of Sardar Sarovar Project on Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary.
  2. EIA of Sardar Sarovar Project on Velavadar National Park.
  3. Rapid Foot Transect (RFT) Study for Movement of Wildlife across the Proposed Kachchh Branch Canal (KBC).

SPECIES AND TOPIC SPECIFIC RESEARCH

Gujarat's rich biodiversity has been adequately captured in the species-specific research conducted by GEER Foundation.

  1. A Field Guide Common Insects Of Wetlands Of Gujarat
  2. A Field Guide Common Wetland Plants Of Gujarat(With an Emphasis on Hydrophytes)
  3. Monograph on Phytoplankton of Gulf of Kachchh
  4. Pictorial Guide to Coastal Flora of Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat
  5. Important Wetland Destinations of Gujarat
  6. Nalsarovar Lake- An Incredible Rendezvous point of Wetland Denizens in Gujarat
  7. Pollination Biology of Three Rare Mangrove Species of Gujarat, India
  8. Recruitment and Growth Study of Coral Reef in the Gulf of Kachchh
  9. Study of floristic diversity and natural regeneration of Mangrove species in selected mangrove habitats in South Gujarat
  10. Pollination biology and reproductive ecology of mangrove species of Gujarat
  11. Medicinal Plants of Gujarat (Eng. / Guj.)
  12. Study of Identifying Coral Reef health indicators in the Gulf of Kachchh
  13. The Comprehensive Study on Nature Education in Gujarat State
  14. Mangroves in Gujarat
  15. Ecological and Socio-Economic Study of Barda Wildlife Sanctuary
  16. Ecological study of Wild Ass Sanctuary- Little Rann of Kachchh
  17. Socio-Economic Feasibility Study of Bamboos & their Products in Gujarat State
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